"Advances in watershed, natural resource, and environmental sciences have shown that soil is the foundation of basic ecosystem function.
Soil filters our water, provides essential nutrients to our forests and crops, and helps regulate the Earth's temperature as well as many of the important greenhouse gases.
What Is Soil Carbon?
Soil carbon is the term that is used when describing the carbonate minerals and organic matter that is found in soil. The amount of carbon in the soil depends on the local environment and the human activities that take place that would reduce soil carbon - such as agriculture.
The Other Inconvenient Truth: How Agriculture is Changing the Face of Our Planet. We typically think of climate change as the biggest environmental issue we face today. But maybe it's not? In this presentation, Jonathan Foley shows how agriculture and land use are maybe a bigger culprit in the global environment, and could grow even larger as we look to feed over 9 billion people in the future.
In Denmark, by law, agriculture farmers are required to plant 5% of their property with flowers for bees!
What Can We Do?
Healthy soil is essential to the future of food production but our planet is losing 24 billion tonnes of fertile soil every year. North Dakota farmer Gabe Brown practices regenerative farming which includes principles and practices to improve soil and promote diversity. By planting a mix of crops, using minimal chemicals, and letting animals graze freely, his family farm is thriving and so are the lands around it
How Regenerative Farming Works
This method of farming uses ‘cover crops’ as a way to protect the soil. So instead of leaving the soil uncovered (for example in winter time as often happens with conventional farming) another crop is planted. This constant cover on the soil helps to prevents soil erosion and carbon loss to the atmosphere.
4 per 1000 Initiative
The international initiative "4 per 1000", launched by France. The aim of the initiative is to demonstrate that agriculture, and in particular agricultural soils can play a crucial role where food security and climate change are concerned.
What is"4 per 1000"?
An annual growth rate of 0.4% in the soil carbon stocks, or 4% per year, in the first 30-40 cm of soil, would significantly reduce the CO2 concentration in the atmosphere related to human activities.
THE carbon under-ground
Helping solve climate change from the ground up.
The Carbon Underground was created in 2013 with two core goals—coalesce the emerging science on soil’s relationship to climate change and tell the world about a possibility to not simply slow down this threat, but reverse it.
Since that time we have grown into an international outcomes-based organisation focusing on creating the tools, alliances, and opportunities to achieve scale at efforts proven to draw down carbon and mitigate the climate crisis.